Food leftovers on kitchen counter. Household waste from vegetable ready to compost. Environmentally responsible behavior ecology concept.

Solid waste comprising of garbage and rubbish (such as bottles, cans, clothing, compost, disposables, food packaging, food scraps, newspapers and magazines, and yard trimmings) that originates from private homes or apartments. It may also contain household hazardous waste. Also called domestic waste or residential waste.

The composition of municipal solid waste varies greatly from municipality to municipality and it changes significantly with time. In municipalities which have a well developed waste recycling system, the waste stream mainly consists of intractable wastes such as plastic film and non-recyclable packaging materials. Most definitions of municipal solid waste do not include industrial wastes, agricultural wastes, medical waste, radioactive waste or sewage sludge. Waste collection is performed by the municipality within a given area. The term residual waste relates to waste left from household sources containing materials that have not been separated out or sent for reprocessing. Waste can be classified in several ways but the following list represents a typical classification:

  • Biodegradable waste: food and kitchen waste, green waste, paper.
  • Recyclable materials: paper, cardboard, glass, bottles, jars, tin cans, aluminium cans, aluminium foil, metals, certain plastics, fabrics, clothes, tires, batteries, etc.